No material in this world is immune to wear and tear. Everything loses its properties over time or due to some external impact. In some matters, that happens sooner, and in others, later. When talking about strength and toughness, abrasion resistance is not the first thing that comes to one’s mind.
On the page below, learn about several types of material wear:
Wear and tear is one of the features used to assess the durability of materials in use. It shows their suitability for the intended purpose. Some materials are, by nature, more prone to withstand abrasion and scraping. For less resistant matters, the solution is to apply a protective layer to the surface and increase its hardness and durability.
Materials with High Abrasion Resistance
Abrasion resistance is the ability of a compound to withstand the deformation of a substrate due to environmental stress. This property matters in building materials that have to be stable and stiff, like concrete.
The importance of wear and tear resistance is often discussed in construction science. A variety of protective layers has been in use for decades, to make the new buildings withstand harsh conditions. These play a vital role in determining the hardness of a material. Thus, a material with high levels of resistance, like high-quality concrete, is more repellent to wear and tear and, therefore, more durable.
The same goes for metals like aluminum. It has been used for planes and similar structures because it’s stiff and low in the ability to absorb shock. Other metals that have excellent abrasion resistance are stainless steel, titanium, and copper. But even in those materials, the use of a protective coating plays an important role.
Determining Abrasion Resistance Level
For any material, there are specific methods to determine its level of resistance. Most types of metals and non-metals can undergo a series of tests to assess their resistance to abrasion. These methods differ based on the tested substance, its size, shape, density, and the environment it’s subjected to.
The testing is usually done by checking the mechanical, optical, or electromagnetic properties and mathematical calculations. It examines the wear resistance of the component in different conditions. It evaluates its performance under many factors (heat, chemicals, load, etc.). These results will determine the material suitability for the manufacturing requirements before and after applying a protective layer.
Scientists will also interpret the data to determine abrasion performance in terms of the material’s strengths and weaknesses. That allows the engineers to design better coatings and cut the cost involved in their production. For more details on these examinations, check this source.
When coatings are first developed, it’s necessary to know their properties and how they will react to external factors. These considerations are vital in the development of manufacturing systems. Engineers will test these elements on several scenarios to determine their performance.
Abrasive resistance coatings can be divided into three classes. Class A is for covering hard and non-porous metals. Class B is for protecting stainless steel and other metals, and Class C for coating alloys, plastics, and wood. Each of these categories has its good sides.
Some of the most common abrasion resistance layers include flooring, paneling, and stainless steel surfaces in industries such as construction, automotive, and marine. The coating can also be used in industrial ovens to prevent damage and increase productivity.
Benefits of Extra Coatings
The benefits of using abrasion resistance coatings are varied. It covers a wide array of usage in today’s manufacturing environment. These protective layers found their purposes in various industries. They provide a more diversified application of materials and their increased strength.
The abrasion resistance coatings make the material more durable, resistant to corrosion and chemical influence, and look good. These layers can provide a smooth, glossy finish to items such as furniture while preventing scratches and gouges. Besides, these covers are easy to clean and maintain.
Applying abrasion resistance coatings is this process that will determine the life expectancy of the product, as well as its usefulness to the industry. The protective layer’s role is to reduce the surface tension of the material and the level of friction. It will prolong the lifespan of the product.